Philosophical counseling is the kind of counseling that helps individuals, groups, or institutions to solve problems through philosophical methods and theories.

- Philosophical methods:Any rational and systematic method that allow one to further understand problems at hand and realize the truth of related issues. Specifically it includes but not limited to: concept clarification, re-examination of fundamental beliefs and premises, examination of the validity of reasoning, re-examination of world view and value system.
- Philosophical theories:Theories that developed by philosophers through all ages concerning almost every fundamental aspect of life. The most frequently applied theories includes: theories of love, theories on ethics and morality, theories on values, theories on language and epistemology, theories on life and death, and all sort of major world views such as Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Physicalism, etc.